Werden, L.K., B.G. Waring, C.M. Smith-Martin and J.S. Powers. Tropical dry forest trees and lianas differ in leaf economic spectrum traits but have overlapping water-use strategies.  In press, Tree Physiology.

Werden, L.K., P.J. Alvarado Juárez, S. Zarges, E. Calderón M., E.M. Schilling, M. Gutiérrez L., J.S. Powers. Using soil amendments and plant functional traits to select native tropical dry forest species for the restoration of degraded Vertisols. In press, Journal of Applied Ecology.

Treuer, T. J. Choi, D. Janzen, W. Hallwachs, D. Perez-Aviles, A Dobson, J.S. Powers, L. Shanks, L. Werden, and D. Wilcove. 2017. Accelerated tropical forest regeneration using low-cost agricultural waste.  Restoration Ecology.

Powers, J.S., and E. Marín-Spiotta.  2017. Ecosystem processes and biogeochemical cycles in secondary tropical forest succession. Annual Review Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics.

García-Leon, M.M., L. Martínez-Izquierdo, S. Powers, and S.A. Schnitzer. 2017. Lianas reduce community-level reproduction in canopy and understory tropical trees. Journal of Ecology DOI 10.1111/1365-2745.12807

Smith-Martin, C.M., M.G. Gei, E. Bergstrom, K.K. Becklund, J.M. Becknell, B.G. Waring, L.K. Werden, and J.S. Powers. 2017. Effects of soil type and light on height growth, biomass partitioning, and nitrogen dynamics of 22 species of tropical dry forest tree seedlings: comparisons between legumes and non-legumes.  American Journal of Botany 104: 399-410.

Waring, B.G., and J.S. Powers. 2017. Overlooking what is underground: root:shoot ratios and coarse root allometric equations for tropical forests.  Forest Ecology and Management 385: 10-15.

Allen, K., J.M. Dupuy, M.G. Gei, C.M. Hulshof, D. Medvigy, C. Pizano, B. Salgado-Negret, C.M. Smith, A. Trierweiler, S.J. Van Bloem, B.G. Waring, X. Xu, and J.S. Powers. 2017. Will seasonally dry tropical forests be sensitive or resistant to future changes in rainfall regimes? Environmental Research Letters 12: 023001


Desai, N.S., A.W. Wilson, J.S. Powers, G.M. Mueller and L.M. Egerton-Warburton. 2016 Ectomycorrhizal diversity and community structure in stands of Quercus oleoides in the seasonally dry tropical forests of Costa Rica.  Environmental Research Letters 11: 125007

Waring, B.G., and J.S. Powers.  Unraveling the mechanisms underlying pulse dynamics of soil respiration in tropical dry forests. 2016.  Environmental Research Letters 11: 105005.

Rodríguez-Ronderos, M.E., G. Bohrer, A. Sanchez-Azofeifa, J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer. 2016. Contribution of lianas to plant area index and canopy structure in a Panamanian forest. Ecology 97(12): 3271-3277.

Becklund, K.K., J.S. Powers, and L. Kinkel. Tree species effects on pathogen-suppressive capacities of soil bacteria across two tropical dry forests in Costa Rica.  2016. Oecologia.

Uriarte, M., N. Schwartz, J.S. Powers, E. Marín-Spiotta, W. Liao, and L.K. Werden. 2016. Impacts of climate variability on tree demography in second-growth tropical forests: the importance of regional context for predicting successional trajectories. Biotropica 48(6): 780-797.

Xu, X., D. Medvigy, J. S. Powers, J. M. Becknell and K. Guan. 2016. Diversity in plant hydraulic traits explains seasonal and inter-annual variations of vegetation dynamics in seasonally dry tropical forests. New Phytologist: 10.1111/nph.14009

Chazdon, R. L., E. N. Broadbent, D. M. A. Rozendaal, F. Bongers, A. M. A. Zambrano, T. M. Aide, P. Balvanera, J. M. Becknell, V. Boukili, P. H. S. Brancalion, D. Craven, J. S. Almeida-Cortez, G. A. L. Cabral, B. de Jong, J. S. Denslow, D. H. Dent, S. J. DeWalt, J. M. Dupuy, S. M. Durán, M. M. Espírito-Santo, M. C. Fandino, R. G. César, J. S. Hall, J. L. Hernández-Stefanoni, C. C. Jakovac, A. B. Junqueira, D. Kennard, S. G. Letcher, M. Lohbeck, M. Martínez-Ramos, P. Massoca, J. A. Meave, R. Mesquita, F. Mora, R. Muñoz, R. Muscarella, Y. R. F. Nunes, S. Ochoa-Gaona, E. Orihuela-Belmonte, M. Peña-Claros, E. A. Pérez-García, D. Piotto, J. S. Powers, J. Rodríguez-Velazquez, I. E. Romero-Pérez, J. Ruíz, J. G. Saldarriaga, A. Sanchez-Azofeifa, N. B. Schwartz, M. K. Steininger, N. G. Swenson, M. Uriarte, M. van Breugel, H. van der Wal, M. D. M. Veloso, H. Vester, I. C. G. Vieira, T. V. Bentos, G. B. Williamson and L. Poorter (2016). Carbon sequestration potential of second-growth forest regeneration in the Latin American tropics. Science Advances 2(5)

Kaspari, M., and J.S. Powers. Biogeochemistry and Geographical Ecology: embracing all 25 elements required to build organisms. 2016. American Naturalist: DOI: 10.1086/687576

Derroire, G., P. Balvanera, C. Castellanos-Castro, G. Decocq, D.K. Kennard, E. Lebrija-Trejos, J.A. Leiva, P.-C. Odén, J.S. Powers, V. Rico-Gray, M. Tigabu and J.R. Healey. 2016. Resilience of tropical dry forests – a meta-analysis of changes in species diversity and composition during secondary succession.  OIKOS 125(10): 1386-1397.

Sinsabaugh, R. L., B.L. Turner, J.M. Talbot, B.G. Waring, J.S. Powers, C.R. Kuske, D.L. Moorhead, J.J. Follstad Shah. 2016. Stoichiometry of microbial carbon use efficiency in soils. Ecological Monographs DOI: 10.1890/15-2110.1

Martínez-Izquierdo, L., M.M. García-Leon, J.S. Powers, and S.A. Schnitzer. 2016. Lianas suppress seedling growth and survival of 14 tree species in a Panamanian tropical forest. Ecology 10.1890/14-2261.1.

Poorter, L. , F. Bongers, T. M. Aide, A.M. Almeyda Zambrano, P. Balvanera, J.M. Becknell, V. Boukili, P.H.S. Brancalion, E.N. Broadbent, R.L. Chazdon, D. Craven, J.S. de Almeida-Cortez, G.A. L. Cabral, B.H. J. de Jong, J.S. Denslow, D.H. Dent, S.J. DeWalt, J.M. Dupuy, S.M. Durán, M.M. Espírito-Santo, M.C. Fandino, R.G. César , J.S. Hall, J. L. Hernandez-Stefanoni, C.C. Jakovac, A.B. Junqueira, D. Kennard, S.G. Letcher, J.-C. Licona, M. Lohbeck, E. Marín-Spiotta, M. Martínez-Ramos, P. Massoca, J.A. Meave, R. Mesquita, F. Mora, R. Muñoz, R. Muscarella, Y. R. F. Nunes, S. Ochoa-Gaona, A.A. de Oliveira, E. Orihuela-Belmonte, M. Peña-Claros, E. A. Pérez-García, D. Piotto, J.S. Powers, J. Rodríguez-Velázquez, I.E. Romero-Pérez, J. Ruíz, J.G. Saldarriaga, A. Sanchez-Azofeifa, N.B. Schwartz, M.K. Steininger, N.G. Swenson, M. Toledo, M. Uriarte, M. van Breugel, H. van der Wal, M.D. M. Veloso, H.F. M. Vester, A. Vicentini, I.C. G. Vieira, T. Vizcarra Bentos, G.B. Williamson & D.M.A. Rozendaal. 2016. Biomass resilience of Neotropical secondary forests. Nature doi:10.1038/nature16512

Cowles, J.M. P.D. Wragg, A.J. Wright, J.S. Powers, D. Tilman. 2016. Shifting grassland plant community structure drives positive interactive effects of warming and diversity on aboveground net primary productivity.  Global Change Biology 22:741-749.

Waring, B.G., L. Rosenthal, M.G. Gei, and J.S. Powers. Plant-microbial interactions along a gradient of soil fertility in tropical dry forest. 2016. Journal of Tropical Ecology 32: 314-323.

Schilling, E.M., Waring, B.G., Schilling, J.S., and J.S. Powers. Forest composition modifies effects of litter chemistry on decomposition in regenerating tropical dry forests. 2016. Oecologia  182: 287.


van der Heijden, G., J.S. Powers, and S.A. Schnitzer. 2015. Lianas reduce carbon accumulation and storage and in tropical forest. PNAS doi: 10.1073/pnas.1504869112.

Waring, B.G., R. Adams, S. Branco, and J.S. Powers. Scale-dependent variation in nitrogen cycling and soil fungal communities along gradients of forest composition and age in regenerating tropical dry forests. 2015. New PhytologistDOI: 10.1111/nph.13654

Powers, J.S., K.K. Becklund, M.G. Gei, S. Iyengar, R. Meyer, C.S. O’Connell, E.M. Schilling, C.M. Smith, B.G. Waring, and L.K. Werden. 2015. Nutrient addition effects on tropical dry forests: a mini-review from microbial to ecosystem scales. Frontiers in Earth Science-Biogeoscience: doi: 10.3389/feart.2015.00034.

Letcher, S, J. Lasky, R. Chazdon, N. Norden, S.J. Wright, A. Andrade, J.L. Andrade-Torres, P. Balvanera, J.M. Becknell, T. Bentos, R. Bhaskar, F. Bongers, V. Boukili, P. Brancalion, R. César, D.A. Clark, D.B. Clark, D. Craven, A. DeFrancesco, J. Dupuy, B. Finegan, E. González-Jiménez, J. Hall, K. Harms, J.L. Hernández-Stefanoni, P. Hietz, D. Kennard, T. Killeen, S. Laurance, E. Lebrija-Trejos, M. Lohbeck, M. Martínez-Ramos, P. Massoca, J. Meave, R. Mesquita, F. Mora, R. Muñoz, R. Muscarella, H. Paz, E. Pérez-García, F. Pineda-García, J.S. Powers, R. Quesada-Monge, R. Rodrigues, E. Romero-Pérez, M. Sandor, L. Sanaphre-Villanueva, E. Schüller, N. Swenson, A. Tauro, M. Uriarte, M. van Breugel, O. Vargas-Ramírez, R. Viani, A. Wendt, and G. Williamson G. 2015. Environmental gradients and the evolution of successional habitat specialization: a test case with 14 Neotropical forest sites.  Journal of Ecology 103: 1276-1290.

Reid, J.P., S.A. Schnitzer, and J.S. Powers. 2015. Short and long-term soil moisture effects of liana removal in a seasonally moist tropical forest. PLoS ONE  10(11): e0141891. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141891.

Waring, B.G., L. Álvarez Cansino,  K.E. Barry,  K.K. Becklund, S. Dale, M.G. Gei, A. Keller, O.R. Lopez, L. Markesteijn, S. Mangan, C.E. Riggs, M.E. Rodriguez-Ronderos, R.M. Segnitz, S.A. Schnitzer, and J.S. Powers. 2015. Pervasive and strong effects of plant individuals and species on soil chemistry: a meta-analysis of individual plant “Zinke” effects. Proc. R. Soc. B 282: 20151001.

Whittington, H.R., D. Tilman, P. D. Wragg, and J.S. Powers. 2015. Phenological responses of prairie plants to three years of experimentally elevated temperatures.  Ecosphere

Schilling, J.S., A. Ayres, J.T. Kaffenberger, J.S. Powers.  Initial white rot type dominance of wood decomposition and its functional consequences in a regenerating tropical dry forest. 2015. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 88: 58–68.

Waring, B.G., J.M. Becknell, and J.S. Powers. 2015. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and cation use efficiency in stands of regenerating tropical dry forest. Oecologia 178: 887-897.

Vargas G., G., L.K. Werden, and J.S. Powers. 2015. Explaining legume success in tropical dry forests based on seed germination niches: a new hypothesis. Biotropica 47(3): 277–280.

Locatelli, B., C. Catterall, P. Imbach, C. Kumar, R. Lasco, E. Marín-Spiotta, B. Mercer, J.S. Powers, N. Schwartz, and M. Uriarte. 2015.  Tropical reforestation and climate change: beyond carbon. Restoration Ecology 23: 337-343.

Gei, M.G., and J.S. Powers. 2015. The influence of seasonality and species effects on surface fine roots and nodulation in tropical legume tree plantations. Plant and Soil 388:187-196.

Álvarez-Cansino L., S.A. Schnitzer, J.P. Reid, and J.S. Powers.  2015. Liana competition with tropical trees varies with seasonal rainfall and soil moisture but not tree species identityEcology 96: 39-45.

Powers, J.S.,  D.W.P. Manning, and J.M. Becknell.  2015.Patterns and drivers of surface soil carbon stocks and isotopic composition in secondary tropical dry forests of Costa Rica.  In, F. Brearley and A. Thomas (eds.), Land-use Change Impacts on Soil Processes: Tropical and Savanna Ecosystems.  CABI Press.

Powers, J.S. Chapter 14: Reciprocal interactions between lianas and forest soils.  2015. In S.Schnitzer, F. Bongers, R. Burnham, and F. Putz (eds.), Ecology of Lianas.  Wiley Press.


Ceccon, E., I. Sánchez, and J.S. Powers. 2014. Biological potential of four indigenous tree species from seasonally dry tropical forest for soil restoration. Agroforestry Systems. DOI 10.1007/s10457-014-9782-6.

Becklund, K.K., L.L. Kinkel, and J.S. Powers. 2014. Landscape variation in the abundance and activity of pathogen-suppressive Streptomyces in secondary tropical dry forests of Costa Rica. Biotropica 46: 657-666 (selected as Editor’s Choice).

Becknell, J.M., and J.S. Powers. 2014.  Aboveground biomass, plant functional traits, and edaphic variation in secondary tropical dry forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44: 603-614 (selected as Editor’s Choice).

Gei, M.G., and J.S. Powers.  2014 . Nutrient cycling in tropical dry forests.  In, G.A. Sanchez-Azofeifa and J.S. Powers (eds.), Tropical Dry Forests in the Americas: Ecology, Conservation, and Management. CRC Press.


Van der Heijden, G., S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Powers, and O.L. Phillips. Liana impacts on carbon cycle, storage and sequestration in tropical forests. 2013. Biotropica 45: 682-692.

Whittington, H.R., D. Tilman, and J.S. Powers. 2013. Consequences of elevated temperatures on legume biomass and nitrogen cycling in a field warming experiment in a North American prairie. Functional Plant Biology: 1-12, DOI: 10.1071/FP12345.

Powers, J.S., and D. Peréz-Aviles. 2013. Edaphic factors are a more important control on fine root stocks than stand age in tropical dry forests regenerating following agricultural land use. Biotropica 45: 1-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00881.x.

Gei, M.G., and J.S. Powers. 2013. Do legumes and non-legumes tree species affect soil properties in unmanaged forests and plantations in Costa Rican dry forests? Soil Biology and Biochemistry 57: 264-272.

Powers, J.S.  2013.  I wish I were there… A review of Tropical Ecosystems and Ecological Concepts.  Frontiers in Biogeography 5(1): 16-17.


Becknell, J.M., L. Kissing Kucek, and J.S. Powers. 2012. Aboveground biomass in mature and secondary seasonally dry tropical forests: a literature review and global synthesis. Forest Ecology and Management 276: 88-95.

Whittington, H.R., L. Deede, and J.S. Powers. 2012. Growth responses, biomass partitioning, and nitrogen isotopes of prairie legumes in response to elevated temperature and varying nitrogen source in a growth chamber experiment. American Journal of Botany 99: 838-846

Sayer, E.J., S. J. Wright, E.V. J. Tanner, J.B. Yavitt, K. E. Harms, J.S. Powers, M. Kaspari, M.N. Garcia and B.L. Turner. 2012. Variable responses of lowland tropical forest nutrient status to fertilization and litter manipulation. Ecosystems 15: 387-400.


Powers, J.S., and S. Salute. 2011. Macro- and micronutrient effects on decomposition of leaf litter from two tropical tree species: inferences from a short-term laboratory incubation. Plant and Soil 346: 245–257.

Powers, J.S., M.D. Corre, T.E. Twine, and E. Veldkamp. 2011. Geographic bias of field observations of soil carbon stocks with tropical land-use changes precludes spatial extrapolation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108: 6318–6322.


Powers, J.S. 2010. Building a lasting foundation in ecological literacy in undergraduate, non-majors courses. Nature Education Knowledge 1:14.

Gotsch, S.G., J.S. Powers, and M.T. Lerdau. Leaf traits and water relations of 12 evergreen species in Costa Rican wet and dry forests: patterns of intra-specific variation across forests and seasons. 2010. Plant Ecology 211: 133-146.

Kissing, L.B., and J.S. Powers (corresponding author). Coarse woody debris stocks as a function of forest type and stand age in Costa Rican tropical dry forest: long-lasting legacies of previous land use. 2010. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 467-471. kissing and powers2010

Powers, J.S., and P. Tiffin. Plant functional type classifications in tropical dry forests in Costa Rica: leaf habit versus taxonomic approaches. 2010. Functional Ecology 24: 927-936. powers&tiffin2010


Quesada, M., G. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, M,. Alvarez-Anorve, K.E. Stoner, L. Avila-Cabadilla, J. Calvo-Alvarado, A. Castillo, M.M. Espiritu-Santo, M. Fagundes, G. W. Fernandes, J. Gamon, M. Lopezaraiza-Mikel, D. Lawrence, P. Morellato, J. S. Powers, F. Neves, V. Rosas-Guerrero, R.Sayago and G. Sanchez-Montoya. 2009. Succession and management of tropical dry forests in the Americas: Review and new perspectives. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1014-1024.

Powers, J.S., J.M. Becknell, J. Irving, and D. Perez-Aviles. 2009. Diversity and structure of regenerating tropical dry forests in Costa Rica: geographic patterns and environmental drivers. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 959-970. powers2009FEM

Powers, J.S., R.A. Montgomery, E.C. Adair, F.Q. Brearley, S.J. DeWalt, C.T. Castanho, J. Chave, E. Deinert, J.U. Ganzhorn, M.E. Gilbert, J. Antonio-Gonzalez, S. Bunyavejchewin, H.R. Grau, K.E. Harms, A. Hiremath, S. Iriarte-Vivar, E. Manzane, A.A. de Oliveira, L. Poorter, J.B. Ramanamanjato, C. Salk, A.Varela, G.D. Weiblen and M.T. Lerdau. Decomposition in tropical forests: a pan-tropical study of the effects of litter type, litter placement and mesofaunal exclusion across a precipitation gradient. 2009. Journal of Ecology 97: 801-811. powers2009 J Ecology


Sinsabaugh, R.L, C.L. Lauber, M.N. Weintraub, B. Ahmed, S.D. Allison, C. Crenshaw, A.R. Contosta, D. Cusack, S. Frey, M.E. Gallo, T.B. Gartner, S.E. Hobbie, K. Holland, B.L. Keeler, J.S. Powers, M. Stursova, C. Vesbach, M. Waldrop, M. Wallenstein, D. Zak, and L. Zeglin. 2008. Stoichiometry of soil enzyme activity at global scale. Ecology Letters 11: 1252–1264. DOI 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01245.x


Sayer, E.J., J.S. Powers, and E.V.J. Tanner. 2007. Increased litterfall in tropical forests boosts the transfer of soil CO2 to the atmosphere. PLoS ONE 2(12): e1299. doi10.1371/journal.pone.0001299.


Powers, J.S. 2006. Spatial variation of soil carbon concentrations and stable isotopic composition in 1-ha plots of forest and pasture in Costa Rica. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 42: 580-584. powers2006.


Powers, J.S., and E. Veldkamp. 2005. Regional variation in soil carbon and delta13C in paired forests and pasture of Northeastern Costa Rica. Biogeochemistry 72: 315-336. powers2005 Biogeochemistry

Powers, J.S., K.K. Treseder and M.T. Lerdau. 2005. Fine roots, arbuscular mycorrhizal hyphae and soil nutrients in four Neotropical rain forests: patterns across large geographic distances. New Phytologist 165: 913-921. powers2005 New Phytologist


Powers, J.S., M.H. Kalicin, and M.E. Newman. 2004. Tree species do not influence local soil chemistry in a species-rich Costa Rican rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 20: 587-90. powers2004JTE.

Powers, J.S. 2004. Soil carbon and nitrogen storage following contrasting land-use transitions in Northeastern Costa Rica. Ecosystems 7: 134-146. powers2004Ecosystems

Powers, J.S., J.M. Read, J.S. Denslow, and S.M. Guzman. 2004. Estimating soil carbon fluxes following land-cover change: a test of some critical assumptions for a region in Costa Rica. Global Change Biology 10: 170-181. powers2004Global Change Biology

Harms, K.E., J.S. Powers, and R.A. Montgomery. 2004. Small sapling densities relative to resources and understory vegetation in four Neotropical forests. Biotropica 36: 40-51. harms2004

Powers, J.S. 2004. New perspectives in comparative ecology of Neotropical rain forests: Reflections on past, present and future. Biotropica 36: 2-6. powers2004Biotropica


Powers, J.S., and W.H. Schlesinger. 2002. Relationships between soil carbon distributions and biophysical factors at nested spatial scales in rain forests of Northeastern Costa Rica. Geoderma 109: 165-190. powers2002b.

Powers, J.S., and W.H. Schlesinger. 2002. Geographic and vertical patterns of stable carbon isotopes in tropical rainforest soils of Costa Rica. Geoderma 109: 141-160. powers2002a.

Loescher, H.W., J.S. Powers, S.F. Oberbauer. 2002. Spatial variation of throughfall in an old growth tropical wet forest, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 397-407. loescher2002


Powers, J.S., P. Sollins, M.E. Harmon, and J.A. Jones. 1999. Plant-pest interactions in time and space: a Douglas-fir bark beetle outbreak as a case study. Landscape Ecology 14: 105-120. powers1999


Powers, J.S., J.P. Haggar,and R.F. Fisher. 1997. The effect of overstory composition on understory woody regeneration and species richness in 7-year-old plantations in Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management 99: 43-54. powers1997